International Journal of medicine & biomedical sciences

Author Guidelines

Conflict of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding.


The submission of a manuscript by authors implies that they automatically agree to assign an exclusive copyright to the IJMBS if the manuscript is accepted for publication. The work should not be published elsewhere in any form without the written permission of the IJMBS. All rights of the articles published in the IJMBS are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical or otherwise) without permission from the IJMBS


Human experiments should be performed only in accordance with the ethical standards provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), available at All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave an informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized (or an eye bar should be used). Animal experiments should be in accordance with the instructions for the care and use provided by the institution at which the research was carried out. 

Short Communications

Short communications not exceeding two printed pages, including title, author affiliations, references, and one figure or table, are acceptable for rapid publication if requested by the authors. 

Letters to the editor

Criticisms or comments of less than 500 words and five references are welcome. Preference is given to letters related to articles published in the IJMBS

Manuscript Contents


All authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Written approval signed by all authors should be presented with the manuscript. 


The manuscript can be submitted through the submission page present in the website or email to the Editorial Office at: Repeated submission is not necessary .The Research title with font size 14, Authors name and affiliation 12, Headings 10 with uppercase and bold, Subheading 10 with sentence case and bold, Figure 9 (Writing name below the figure), Table 9 (Writing name above table), Body text 10, Page Single page layout, Size A4, Line Spacing 2, Words Inside table and figure 9, Genus name & Species should be in Italics, Referencing in Vancouver format & all the text in Times New Roman Format. Please indicate both the page and line numbers in your manuscript to facilitate reviewing. The manuscript should be arranged in the following order:

1. Title page

2. Keywords

3. Abstract

4. Acknowledgments

5. Introduction

6. Materials and methods

7. Results

8. Discussion

9. Conclusions

10. References

11. Tables

12. Figure legends

13. Figures

Title page

The title page should contain, on separate lines, the title of the manuscript, a running title of the manuscript the name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author. The title must be informative, specific, and concise. Serialization of articles into parts is not permitted. Such articles may be submitted independently with self-sufficient titles. 


Please provide 3-6 keywords or phrases for indexing purposes, using terms from the latest US National Library of Medicine. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list are found at: ( If MeSH terms are not available, other appropriate terms may be used.


Full-length manuscript submission should include an abstract of up to 300 words in a structured form, consisting of: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

Main Text


The text should include the following sections: The Introduction, which summarizes the rationale, provides a concise research background (not an exhaustive review) and states in one sentence the objective of the study. Please do not include any results or the conclusions of the study. The Materials and Methods should provide technical information about the study. There is no need to describe methodological details that have been published previously. Specifications (including the manufacturer, city, and the country) should be given for the main drugs, chemicals, and instruments. Indicate the statistical methods used and identify statistical significance using superscripts (a, b, and c) following the data (a P > 0.05, b P < 0.05, c P < 0.01). The Results are the findings, using SI units. In a sample, the number of effective digits is determined by the variation within the sample, that is, one-third of the standard deviation. Digits may be separated into groups of three by a small space. The Discussion deals with the interpretation of the results and their comparison with those of other studies. There is no need to: repeat the results review the literature, textbook knowledge or cite references that do not have a close relationship with the present result. End with a brief conclusion linking back to the aim of the study. 


The use of abbreviations, except for units of measure, is discouraged. At the first appearance in the abstract and the text, abbreviations should be preceded by words for which they stand. 


Tables must be concise and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Table 1, Table 2…etc.). Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. The title of the table should clearly indicate the nature of the contents and sufficient detail should be included in the footnote to facilitate interpretation without reference to the text. Use horizontal rules only.


Figures (photographs, drawings, diagrams and charts) should be clear, easily legible and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Fig. 1, Fig. 2…etc.). Please supply figures 1.5 to 2 times the size at which they will be finally reproduced. For line work, submit black-ink drawings of professional quality. Micrographs or other glossy photographs must be of the highest quality. Freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. If a figure comprises more than one glossy photograph, these should be marked A, B, C…etc. Figure legends should be marked clearly with their correspond letters. Legends should contain sufficient detail to permit figure interpretation without reference to the text. Scale markers should be indicated in the photographs. Color plates are also welcome. The choice of cover art illustration will be made by the Editor. 


Authors should obtain written permission for everyone acknowledged by name, since readers may infer their endorsement of the paper and its conclusions.


The Journal advocates the citation of new papers; reference need to be cited according to Vancouver style available at Old references are better replaced with updated ones. The authors are responsible for the correctness of references. References are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Citations should be labeled with square bracket and should appear in front of the period or comma at the end of the sentence/clause. All references should be cited.  Unpublished data, personal communications, abstracts at meetings and manuscripts submitted for publication are not acceptable as references. Information from such sources may be cited in the text with the sources given in parentheses. References should be listed in a numerical order in the Reference section. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the list of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus or MEDLINE ( Please note that there are no periods used after the authors’ initials or journal abbreviations. A period is used at the end of each reference. The type and punctuation of references should be consistent with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( Some examples follow. 

Journal article up to six authors (List all authors):

Smithline HA, Mader TJ, Ali FM, Cocchi MN. Determining pretest probability of DVT: clinical intuition vs. validated scoring systems. N Engl J Med. 2003 Apr 4; 21(2):161-2.

Journal article more than six authors (list first six and add et al.): 

Gao SR, McGarry M, Ferrier TL, Pallante B, Gasparrini B, Fletcher JR, et al. Effect of cell confluence on production of cloned mice using an inbred embryonic stem cell line. Biol Reprod. 2003; 68(2):595-603. 

Journal article with DOI:

Pandey S, Lo AL, Shrestha RB. Intestinal parasitic infections among school children of Northern Kathmandu, Nepal. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015 Dec 31; 5:S89-92. Doi: 10.1016/S2222-1808(15)60864-7.


Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004. 

Chapter in a book:

Laxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976: 165-78

Online document:

Doe J. Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999. of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999.

Image on the internet:

McCourtie SD, World Bank. SDM-LK-179 [image on the Internet]. 2009 Apr 29 [cited 2009Jun 14]. Available from:

Newspaper article:

Waldman D. Mouth is ‘window on the rest of the body’: oral health, dental hygiene is linked to more than teeth, gums. The National Post [Internet]. 2009 Apr 14 [cited 2009 Jun 22]. Available from CanadianNewsstand:


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