Practice of human resource management among teaching hospitals in Kathmandu, Nepal
Bhim Bahadur Chand1,2, Shyam Bahadur Katuwal3
1Department of Hospital Administration, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal
2Department of Hospital Management, Sai Nath University, Jharkhand, India
3Department of Management, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
Background: Hospitals are important vehicles for the delivery of health care, and managers of these institutions are largely responsible for operationalizing the visions and objectives that policy-makers. Lack of competencies and skills of managers on the human resource management (HRM) practices in hospital consequently related to quality and outcome of health care services. The overall objective was to assess the practice of human resource management among teaching hospitals in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in two purposively selected hospitals in Kathmandu, Nepal. Data were collected using structured question among 212 managers and were selected using simple random sampling technique from October 2016 to March 2017. In-depth interview were taken among six corporate level managers. Descriptive analysis was performed.
Results: Majority (80.2%) of managers were female, most of them were non-indigenous communities and were from nursing profession (90.1%). Effective management of HRM is spirited for the success of organization whereas half (50%) respondents it effects of all HR activities. Management of human resources is essential to enable the delivery of efficient and effective clinical services and achieve patient satisfaction. Consequently, all health providers, managers as well as health professionals have to know the patient evaluation on these aspects in order to remember how they are important for patients. Hospital HRM authority must be worked for quality of services to entire patients and address those who were not satisfied on currently offering services. This study showed significant differences in the assessment of both staff members and patients and level of offered services in the various departments within same hospital and between hospitals.
Study on Sanitary Condition in Slum Area of Balkhu, Kathmandu Metropolitancity, Nepal
Ms. Sabyata Gautam 1, Rojina Basnet2
1PhD Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Shri JJT University, India
2Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (IOM), Maharajgung, Kathmandu
Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health. The study on sanitation condition of Slum Area of Balkhu-14, Kathmandu was studied. In this descriptive study, data was collected from 100 households, selected by using simple random sampling. Most of the respondents were female i.e. 70%. More than half of the respondents were illiterate and 69% of them were labor. Almost half of the respondents of the slum area, had knowledge about sanitation, i.e. 43% of the respondents told the correct meaning of sanitation. Study revealed that only 58% of the respondents had a toilet in their houses, 74% of the respondents used to brush their teeth once a day and 19% twice a day, and only 81% used soap water for washing their hands after toilet. It was found that 72% of the respondents were found to use water without treatment. The main communicable disease occurring in the study area was found to be diarrhea. Since, the area was highly crowded and the low level of knowledge of the slum dwelling people, the sanitation condition of the slum area was not good. Thus, awareness raising program regarding the sanitation practices and cleaning their environment should be conducted and the policy makers should give priority for the improvement of lifestyles of slum dwelling peoples.
Phytochemical Analysis, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of Crude Extracts from Selected Medicinal Plants
Sandipty Kayastha1#, Mitesh Shrestha1, 2#, Hemanta Kumari Chaudhary3, Krishna Kumar Shrestha4, Krishna Das Manandhar1, Bal Hari Poudel1
1Central Department of Biotechnology, Tribhuvan University
2Molecular Biotechnology Unit, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology
3Center for Molecular Dynamics Nepal 4Ethnobotanical Society of Nepal #Equal contributions
Background: The search for potential natural bioactive compounds has been carried out for a long time. Researchers working in the field of natural product chemistry are starting to realize the importance of ethnomedicinal knowledge.
Methodology: The aim of this study was to carry out preliminary analysis of different plants to understand their therapeutic potential.To this end, methanolic extracts were prepared from four different plant specimens. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity assays were carried out at different concentrations of the extracts. Results: The highest percentage yield by methanol extraction was achieved from Sapindus murokosii. Phytochemical analysis detected presence of different types of secondary metabolites present in these species. Among the plants selected, Ficus religiosa showed the highest quantity of phenolics and flavonoids content along with lowest IC50 and LC50 for anti-oxidant activity and cytotoxicity assay respectively.
Conclusion: The results obtained leads to the conclusion that the selected plants might be possessing strong therapeutics which can be further analyzed for isolation and identification of bioactive compounds.
SIF : 0.74
IF : 0.432